How is the climate crisis a human rights issue?
Most people are familiar with climate change as an environmental issue. Climate change is already causing extreme storms and heat waves, droughts, floods, forest fires, sea level rise and more.
But what does that have to do with human rights?
The climate crisis is the greatest human rights challenge of our time. It affects many human rights, including the right to life, health, food, water, housing, security and the rights of Indigenous peoples. While climate change affects us all, poorer countries and disadvantaged communities that have done the least to cause climate change will be hit the hardest.
Climate change compounds and magnifies existing inequalities, and its effects will continue to grow and worsen over time, creating ruin for current and future generations. This is why the failure of governments to act on climate change in the face of overwhelming scientific evidence may well be the biggest intergenerational human rights violation in history.
What should governments be doing?
States have an obligation to protect human rights, including from harm caused by climate change.
So far, the actions and commitments taken by the Canadian government and other states are inadequate to prevent the climate crisis. Much more ambitious action is necessary. It is imperative that governments take urgent action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions drastically. Furthermore, it is of utmost importance that they do so in a way that avoids harming human rights.
Amnesty Canada urges the Canadian government to rapidly and substantially strengthen its efforts to address the grave and mounting human rights implications of climate change by committing to end the use of all fossil fuels and shift to 100% renewable energy as soon as possible and no later than 2040.
At the same time, the Canadian government must ensure that the transition to a zero-carbon economy respects, protects, and fulfills human rights. The Canadian government must also provide substantial financial and technical support to help the hardest hit communities, home and abroad, mitigate and adapt to climate change.
What can I do?
Learn more about climate change and human rights.
For more information about what causes climate changes, what are the effects of climate change, why climate change is a human rights issue, who will be impacted by climate change, and why governments and corporations must take responsibility to urgently stop climate change click here.
If you have a few minutes:
Latest Climate Justice actions:
If you have several hours per month to commit:
Join Amnesty’s Climate Justice Advocacy group.
We work together on various campaigns and actions to further climate justice in Canada and abroad. One of our actions right now is to support the campaign to stop forced evictions due to cobalt mining in the DRC. We meet monthly over Zoom on the third Wednesday of the month.
How do I find out more? Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Join Amnesty’s Environmental Human Rights Defenders group.
We work on building solidarity with threatened and persecuted defenders of land, water, and Indigenous rights and on freeing prisoners of conscience who are imprisoned for working for climate justice, mostly in the Americas. One of our focuses right now is on taking action to amplify the voices of land defenders from the Wet’suwet’en Nation and from Colombia. We meet monthly over Zoom, on the third Monday of the month.
How do I find out more? Email email@example.com
If you have a group you can share information with:
Climate Justice Resources
For More Information
It’s time to recognize the right to a healthy environment March 10, 2021
Amnesty and others urge Canada to follow Biden’s lead and cancel TMX January 26, 2021
Throne speech lacks transformative human rights vision Sept 23, 2020
Enjeu legal brief Feb 26, 2020
Factum of the Intervener (carbon pricing) Jan 27, 2020
Davos: Climate emergency must come top of the agenda Jan 21, 2020
Madrid climate talks failed: What now? Dec 17, 2019
Five reasons to join the global climate strikes Sept 19, 2019